Wichita, Kansas was once known as “Cowtown” due to its history as a major center for the cattle industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During this time, Wichita served as a major stop on the Chisholm Trail, a cattle drive route from Texas to Kansas. Ranchers would bring their cattle to Wichita to be sold or transported eastward by train. The cattle industry brought significant economic growth to Wichita, with stockyards, meatpacking plants, and other businesses sprouting up to support the industry. At its peak, Wichita was one of the largest cattle markets in the world.
The nickname “Cowtown” reflected Wichita’s prominent role in the cattle industry, and the city embraced the moniker with pride. Today, while the cattle industry is no longer as dominant in Wichita’s economy, the nickname “Cowtown” continues to be used as a nod to the city’s history and heritage.